Strategy of the European Union
Waste Minimisation and Recycling
The Commission of the European Union has compiled its ideas as a printed
document for discussion about waste minimisation and recycling; the document
comprises more than 60 pages. The paper for discussion has been published
as Council Document 10113/03, and embraces an approach that takes the
entire lifecycle of resources management into account.
The Commission targets to enact the strategy of waste minimisation and
recycling as a law as early as 2004. The importance of this strategy evolves
from the fact that the per-capita turnover of solid waste from estates
is currently 550 kg per annum in the European Union; and according to
the OECD estimates, the turnover will still rise to 640kg per annum by
2020, moreover, in the wake of new members joining the European Union,
also new problems in waste management in the Community will emerge.
Contextually, the main foci of the European Commission's paper are on
the trends in waste turnover and management, in the evaluation of the
Community waste management policy, as well as in the stipulations, objectives
and components of a pertinent strategy. Thus, among others, waste prevention
plan, non-waste-technologies, waste disposal taxes and commercially viable
certificates are being considered. Furthermore, the importance of improving
the legal scope and international cooperation are emphasized.
2. Packaging Congress for Middle and Eastern Europe
The packaging association SYBA will organise the 2nd packaging congress
for Middle and Eastern Europe, in Prague, on the 24th and 25th May 2004.
The congress will deal with current problems that confront manufacturers
and consumers of packaging materials, and do this with the assistance
of the European Packaging Institute e.V. and the World Packaging Organisation.
The following topics will be discussed, among others: demographic changes
in Europe and the consequences on the packaging industry, the application
of RFID-technology and the transmission of data via labels and foils,
the retail trade packaging and the design of packaging products as well
as the legal provisions on packaging and harmonisation of the packaging
standards. Beyond this, the problems of minimising the packaging material
and the trade barriers possibly caused by packaging should also be discussed.
Besides the manufacturers and consumers of packaging material, representatives
from wholesale and retail trade sectors are also expected.
For detail information, please contact Mrs. Martina Nemcova, telephone
+42 02 24 91 95 91, +42 02 24 91 95 29, +42 02 24 91 93 89, fax +42 02
24 91 95 91, email . Postal address: SYBA, Lipova 15, 120 000 Prague,
More than 1200 Students Annually
More than 1200 students, including regular and part-time audience, participate
annually in the lectures and seminars offered by the department of packaging
at the Economics Academy Krakow (Oekonomische Akademie Krakow). In the
department assigned to the Faculty of Commodities Science (Fakultaet fuer
Warenkunde), 80 students acquire Diploma and Masters degrees in studies
investigating diverse problems associated with packaging and goods.
The researches pursued in the department begin with quality evaluation
criteria for the packaging products and unfold towards answering questions
about packaging products reliability. Questions pertaining to test and
evaluating the value of advertisement and the ecological aspects of packaging
are also considered in the process. A special task focuses on the relationships
between product , packaging and environment.
The aforementioned, renowned Department, across the boarder in Poland,
became a member of the European Packaging Institute e.V., in December
Belarus Packaging Association Registered
The Belarus packaging association was officially registered in Minsk.
The association with the short-name "BelinfoPack" anticipates
systematic advancement of the packaging know-how in the Republic of Belarus.
This should take place especially through education and further training
of employees in the packaging industry.
Organising conferences, seminars and exhibitions is also part of the
projects the association is aiming at. Being already in contact with the
European Packaging Institute e.V. , the association will also be at disposal
as the contact partner for international exchange.
Mrs. Anna Stepanenko has commenced work as Director of the association.
Postal address: BelinfoPack, 90/3-46 Kazintca str. Republic of Belarus,
40th Anniversary of the Swiss Packaging Institute
The Swiss Packaging Institute can look back to its 40th anniversary of
existence. Above all, in the past four decades the institute has striven
for integrated packaging concept, especially, as seminars and in courses
as well as in conferences and congresses. The institute is also the organiser
of the national packaging competition for the SWISS STAR, an annual "day
of packaging," and of courses for "packaging managers."
The Strategy Paper "SVI 200X" and the Swiss Packaging Statistics
are the latest work results. In the interest of effective packaging know-how
progress, the department of "legal and politics" has been set
up in the institute.
The institute uses these names: Swiss Packaging Institute, Institut Suisse
de I'Emballage, Instituto Svizzero dell'Imballaggio as well as Schweizerisches
Verpackungsinstitut. The headquarters are located in 3000 Bern 26, Brueckenfeldstrasse
18 (telephone 031 302 30 03; fax 031 302 30 47.
New Demands on Material Utilization for Printed Goods
Increased use of printing ink, adhesives and chemicals for printing and
processing printed goods compels us to refine the demands on recycling
characteristics. Representatives of INGEDE, the international association
of de-inking industry, drew attention to this fact during the ifra Expo
2003, that took place from 13th to 16th October 2003 on the compound of
the Neue Messe Leipzig. Alarming deterioration of recycling ability by
printed goods was demonstrated in a press conference organised by the
association, and a study carried out by INGEDE into the current recycling
problems and guidelines compiled in 2002 on optimal utility of printed
graphical paper were presented. The latest results are of vital importance
to packaging material and labels.
The object of the latest INGEDE studies are the factors that led to the
deterioration of the suitability of paper for the de-inking technology.
More attention is paid to printing ink as well as to used chemicals and
adhesives. The authors term the increase of printing ink used on increasingly
thinner paper as trend. New problems have resulted from digital printing,
whereby water-soluble ink colouring and tiny pigment particles become
difficult to separate from paper. Although printing ink and adhesive only
account for 2% of the quantity that is targeted as material to be exploited,
the proportion of fibre freed from ink and adhesive is about 75% to 85
%. During the next ifra Expos, it will be possible to continue with the
exchange. The ifra, termed as "the world's leading association for
newspaper and media publishing," will organise the next exhibitions
2004 in Amsterdam and 2005 in Leipzig
Packaging Terminology and Vocabulary in Standards
Under the title "Packaging Terminology and Vocabulary," the
Technical Committee 122, of the International Standardisation Organisation
(ISO) has published a 16-page document that is intended to be the basis
of work for international standardisation. The terminology is based on
familiar national standards, such as the American and the British standards
and the German DIN 55405 standard. Terms and definitions were derived
from these standards and should be used with preference. Basic terms,
important derived terms and special packaging terminologies were selected.
The document is compiled in English.
Developments in Packaging Recycling
Those interested in the Leipzig packaging seminars, the report of the
latest seminars is now available in the printed form under the title "Developments
in Packaging Recycling under Special Consideration of Synthetic Packaging
Recycling." The report has been published by the Chamber of Industry
and Commerce of Leipzig (Industrie- und Handelskammer zu Leipzig), and
the Duales System Deutschland AG.
The report contains the following lectures on 146 printed pages: Current
(global) developments in the area of synthetic packaging, political circumstances
and financing instruments for the recycling of synthetic packaging from
private households in Germany, technical basics of automatic sorting of
light packaging from the dual system collections. Recycling of synthetic
packaging: products, marketing, market obstructions, the experience with
packaging recycling by the City of St. Petersburg. From bottle to bottle
- new developments in the recycling of PET and the experience from the
industrial waste coordination with special consideration of synthetic
waste in Saxony. Discussion on these topics has also been accounted for
This report is available free-of-charge - while stocks last - from the
department of communication and marketing of the Duales System Deutschland
AG, 51170 Cologne, and from the section of the international further education
(Internationale Weiterbildung) in the Bildungszentrum of the Chamber of
Industry and Commerce (IHK) in Leipzig, Bogislawstrasse 20, 04315 Leipzig.
"The Blue Angel" - New Name for the German Environment Sign
"The Blue Angel" is the name given to the environment sign
for designating products and services, which offer ecological advantages,
and was introduced by the German institute for quality assurance and designation
(Deutsches Institut fuer Guetesicherung und Kennzeichnung e.V.). This
was on the 25th anniversary of the sign and the fact that in the colloquial
language this sign had been called "the blue angel" for some
considerable time. At present, the "the blue angel" is being
used by 800 companies for 3700 different products and services. Latest
interviews found out that approximately 50% of the citizens in West Germany
and about one third of East Germans look for this sign when shopping.
Amongst the packing materials and packing means which are designated with
"the blue angel" are: recycling paper, recycling carton, as
well as returnable bottles, and glasses, returnable transport packaging,
tubular bags for milk, and products made of recycled synthetics. The sign
for drinking water bubble is new. This is an ecologically advantageous
alternative to non-returnable and returnable packaging for table water.
New EU-Commission's Proposal for Foodstuff Designation
The European Commission has proposed a new prescription in 2003 which
complements and focuses the guideline 2000/13/EG on nutritional value
and health-related information for designation of foodstuffs. The proposal,
having been discussed earlier at the Leipzig office of the German packaging
institute (Deutsches Verpackungsinstitut e.V.), should above all serve
consumer protection, certainty of the law in goods traffic, and innovations
protection. It distinguishes between nutritional value and health-related
information. Thereby, note the following designation:
- information about energy content as well as the availability or omission
of nutritional substances and other vital substances for nutrition as
nutrition-based data, and
- nformation about the relationship between a foodstuff, a foodstuff
ingredient or a foodstuff category and human health as health-based
information, e.g. information for minimising the risk of disease.
Manufacturer's information may neither be false nor be misleading. They
must be backed with generally recognised scientific data and may only
be used, if an averagely educated consumer understands them. Drinks with
more than 1.2 volumetric percent alcohol should no longer be advertised
with health related data. Nutritional data for drinks are only permissible
if they are based on reduction of alcohol or energetic content.
The designation "low in fat" should only be used in future if
the foodstuff contains less than 3g fat per 100g or 1.5g fat per 100ml.
For designations such as "non-fat" or "without fat"
at most 0.5g fat per 100g or 100ml is prerequisite. To emphasise "higher
inert ingredients" a requirement of at least 6 g inert ingredients
per 100 or 3g inert ingredients per 100 kcal must be met.
According to the prescription proposed, unspecific information and information
based on psychic functions are not permissible. This also applies to statements
for reducing the risk of sickness or promising a slimming effect. Moreover,
no advertisement should be made with reference to the advice of medical
practitioners and other professionals.
European Project Group for Traceability
17 EAN Organisations of Western European Countries have established a
project group for the traceability of foodstuffs. The reason behind the
foundation of the project group, which will carry out its work under the
title "Implementing Traceability in Europe," are the EU-Provision
178/2002 that will come into force on 1st January 2005, and the necessity
to evaluate the national experience to date and to develop compatible
systems for securing the traceability. The idea of founding the project
group was initiated by the German and French EAN Organisation.
Europe is Coming to the Dot.
Publisher: The Green Dot - Duales System Deutschland AG.
New Edition. Cologne 2003/2004
After the "green dot" had been introduced in numerous countries,
e.g. Slovakia, Lithuania, and in Slovenia and Turkey as well, it became
necessary again to revision the edition of the brochure for information
about the green dot in Europe. The present 89-page edition has information
about the organisations in some 19 European countries that use the green
dot at the moment. This also comprises legal fundamentals, the basis upon
which the organisations work, besides, how the system is financed, cooperation
with communities, and waste disposal partners as well as the results obtained
to date and further development perspectives. A chapter is dedicated to
each organisation. The conclusion comprises a headline chapter about the
organisation "PRO EUROPE, bearing the title "unity in diversity
- the European roof for the green dot," in the scope of which the
cooperation of the organisations takes place in individual countries involved.
Comparison between the revised edition and the earlier edition clarifies
the progress that has been made within just a short period. For instance,
the green dot has already been introduced in 8 of the countries which
will become members of the European Union in 2004. The user of the brochure
gets the necessary addresses for establishing contact besides numerous
useful information about the practice in different countries.
Those interested can request for a copy of the brochure from the Duales
System Deutschland AG.
The postal address is: Duales System Deutschland AG, 51170, Cologne, fax:
02203 93 71 90.
Blue Angel. Product Requirements.
Users of the Sign and the Products. Edition 2003.
RAL. Deutsches Institut fuer Guetesicherung und Kennzeichnung e.V. Sankt
The present edition gives an overview on 306 pages about the requirements
imposed on products and services for which the environment sign "the
blue angel" should be applied, as well as about the users of the
sign, i.e. about the companies which were granted this sign for individual
products or services. The presentation is based on the status as of May
2003. 118 different products and services have been accounted for, besides
the products from German manufacturers, the products from foreign manufacturers
are designated with the "blue angel."
In the preface, the Federal Minister for Environment, Nature Conservation
and Reactor Safety, Juergen Trittin, remarks that the "blue angel"
should guarantee that according to well defined criteria, a product is
ecologically better than the alternatives.
A copy of this publication can be obtained through the Umweltbundesamt
- ZAD -, Bismarckplatz 1, 14193 Berlin, fax: 030/89 03 - 22 85.