Supplement to the European Packaging Directives comes into force
After several years of discussion, the Supplement to the European Packaging
Directives was approved by the European Parliament and by the Council
of the European Commission on 11 February 2004. Under the title "Directive
2004/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February
2004, amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging Waste",
the Directive was published in the Official Journal of the European Union
on 18 February 2004, and so came into force.
Regular Warnings from the EU Commission regarding Product Risks
The European Commission Internet site will in future be providing regular
information about risks and hazards which could be associated with the
use of consumer goods. The basis for these notifications will be provided
by warnings from Member States of the European Union. As well as the new
version of the Directive relating to General Product Safety, which has
come into effect in the interim, manufacturers and dealers are now obliged
to draw attention to possible risks and to advise the authorities of these.
At present there are two to four warnings issued weekly, most of which
relate to electrical appliances and toys. The notifications are assessed
by the General Directorate of Health and Consumer Protection, while for
food and animal feeds there is already a rapid warning system in place
at the level of the European Union.
10 Years of the Polish Chamber of Packaging
2004 will mark the tenth anniversary of the "Krajowa Izba Opakowan",
the Polish Chamber of Packaging, also known in a shortened form as "KIO".
The Chamber was established in April 1994 by a number of well-known companies
which were concerned with development and manufacture as well as the use
of packaging. The main aim of the Chamber, which is a member of the Polish
Chamber of Commerce, is to represent the economic interests of its members
in relation to the authorities and official organizations.
10 Years of Leipzig Courses for Packaging Managers and Specialists from Central and Eastern Europe
2004 marked ten years of co-operation between the Deutsches Verpackungsinstitut
e.V., the German Packaging Institute, and the Leipzig Chamber of Industry
and Commerce, with associates from the worlds of science and practice
in providing further training for managers and specialists from the packaging
sectors from the former Eastern Block countries of Central and Eastern
Europe. These courses, established ten years ago, have for several years
been enjoying increasing international significance and recognition and
have already been attended by more than 1,500 managers and specialists
from 15 European countries and two from outside Europe. As well as members
of boards of directors, general managers, and directors of important companies
in the sector, course participants have also included representatives
from ministries and academics as well as directors of institutes.
When the fifth course for Russian managers and specialists was opened
on 23 October 2000, in conjunction with the Russian Packaging Association
SOYUZUPAK, this was already the fiftieth international course to be held.
As with other courses, the opportunity was taken to prepare recommendations
for the further development of bilateral and multilateral co-operation.
10 Years of the Chair of Technology and Commodity Science at Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
250 scientific publications and 20 academic books are the result of the activities so far from the Chair of Technology and Commodity Science at Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, which was established in 1994. The Chair, which is assigned to the Faculty of Economics, is responsible for familiarizing students with the most important technical processes and providing the knowledge needed with regard to the products and their quality. This includes taking account of technical and economic problems, so putting graduates in a position in which they can work together with specialists in the natural sciences and technical experts alike.
The Chair, which joined the European Packaging Institute at the start of the year, has a staff of eleven, one Professor, five lecturers, a reader, a junior lecturer, an engineer, and two technicians. The Chair, which is very interested in international co-operation, has access to laboratories for research into the determination of the quality of industrial and agricultural products.
The address is: Romania, "Babes-Bolyai" University, Faculty
of Economics, Chair of Technology and Commodity Science, Str. Theodor
Mihail, 58-60, 400591 CLUJ-NAPOCA.
EUREKA Projects at the Central Research and Development Center for Packaging in Warsaw
The Central Research and Development Center for Packaging in Warsaw,
known in specialist circles as COBRO in a shortened form, has started
work on a number of EUREKA projects. The subjects of two of the projects
are testing methods for protecting goods during distribution in Europe,
and the preparation of a method for the development of new packaging and
packaging systems on the basis of ecological, logistic, and economic preconditions.
The research is being co-ordinated by PACKFORSK, the Swedish Institute
for Packaging and Distribution.
More than 2,300 Standards for Material Testing
According to the latest report from the Material Testing Standards Committee
of DIN, the German Standards Institute, there are at present 2,302 binding
Standards for material testing in force in the Federal Republic of Germany.
The range of material testing Standards also includes 93 Prestandards
or Technical Specifications, and 353 Draft Standards.
Review of International Standards for Environmental Management
The experiences gained over the past few years with the international Standards for environmental management are currently being put to good use in the review of the ISO Standards relating to requirements for environmental management systems and environmental assessment of locations and organizations. This information comes from notifications from NAGUS, the Standards Committee for Basic Principles in Environmental Protection at DIN, the German Standards Institute.
Representatives from more than 40 countries are taking part in work on
the Standard ISO 14001, with the title "Environmental Management
Systems - Requirements, with an Introduction to Application", which
was introduced in 1996. The aim of the review is to make application of
the Standard simpler, and to establish concordance with the Standards
for quality management, in particular ISO 9001.
ISO Standard 14015, with the title "Environmental Management - Environmental
Assessment of Locations and Organizations" is growing in significance
with regard to the economical assessment of companies and organizations.
The aim of the Standard is to make the environmental assessment procedures
more comparable and more transparent.
Waste Problems in the Ukraine
"Co-operation in the Solution of Problems with Waste" was the
theme of a specialist conference held on 5 and 6 February 2004 in Charkov,
involving representatives from both science and actual practice. The conference,
which was organized by NGO Ökoinform, addressed the problems of waste
in the Ukraine from the ecological and economic points of view, with particular
attention being paid to the requirements of municipalities and industry,
and of the packaging industry in particular.
Promotional Project for Waste Collection, Transport, and Treatment in Romania
The European Commission is currently promoting a series of different
projects aimed at improving environmental conditions in the new EU countries
as well as in countries preparing for EU admission. Among the 30 or so
projects which have now been published are a number dealing with regional
waste management and special waste management in Lithuania. One project,
which it is intended should be promoted in Romania, relates to the re-establishment
of the collection, transport, and treatment of waste as well as waste
tip procedures in the region of Dambovita.
New Critiques of Sales Packaging
Despite numerous references to difficulties in opening packaging and increasing criticism, the number of accidents when opening sales packaging with knives in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has increased by 21 % in the past four years. Last year alone, 76,000 people sought medical assistance in hospital after accidents involving packaging, with a substantial number of these accidents occurring when opening packaging made of plastic film.
Improvement in the ease of handling packaging is becoming particularly
important from the point of view of the demographic changes being forecast
for the next few years. Already,
Lisinka-Kusnierz, M., and Ucherek, M.: