European Packaging Institute (EPI)
Reports, News, Notifications - English Edition 2/2008
General meeting 2008 of the European Packaging Institute e. V.
The work results of the European Packaging Institute e. V. (registered society)
from 2005 to 2008 and the goals and tasks of the institute in the next three
years were the main issues of the general meeting 2008, which took place on
29th April 2008 in Düsseldorf on the occasion of the interpack PROCESSES
AND PACKAGING, the 18th International Trade Fair for Packaging machinery, Packaging
means and Confectionery machinery. Renowned specialists from 6 countries participated
in the meeting.
In the report of the board, which was presented by secretary Prof. Dr. Dr.
Grundke, the most important results achieved from 2005 to 2008 in terms of
the development of exchange among experts and the integration of important
institutes and organisations into the work of the institute were described.
In doing so, a reference was made in particular to the announcements published
under the title “Reports, News, Notifications”. By the end of 2007,
there were already more than 15 editions including over 190 reports and announcements.
For interested members, up to 300 publications were obtained by the board annually.
Since the last general meeting, the Association of Russian Manufacturers and
Suppliers of Packaging and Processing Machines, Packmash, in Moscow, the Polish
Packaging Research and Development Centre in Warsaw, the Ukrainian Club of
Packagers in Kiev and the Russian National Packaging Federation have joined
the institute. With the absorption of the Institute for Ecological Systems
in Riga, also the Latvian Packaging Certification Centre became a member of
the European Packaging Institute e. V. During the reporting period, several
documents were prepared for the future work of the European Packaging Institute
e. V. These include a basis for discussion on the benefit for promoters and
a concept for the further development of the homepage of the European Packaging
Institute e. V. The recognition of the institute of benefit to the public status
by the tax authority I in Leipzig is also to be emphasised.
The graduate engineer Thomas Reiner, chairman of the board of the German Packaging
Institute e. V. was appointed as the new chairman of the board of the European
Packaging Institute e. V. The graduate engineers Igor Smirennyi (Moscow) and
Anatolij Kosak (Kiev) were reappointed as deputies of the chairman of the board;
Prof. Dr. Dr. Günter Grundke was reappointed as secretary.
Packaging and logistics development
With the substantial cooperation of the Armenian packaging association, ARMENPAK,
the international conference “Transport-Logistics-2008” took place
on 16th and 17th May 2008 in Yerevan. The subject of the conference was the
development of transportation logistics, in special view of the preparation
of the freight as well as the storage and the packaging and the ecological
problems associated with them. Besides ARMENPAK, the Russian Logistics Coordination
Council, the Russian magazine “Logistics”, the State University
of Engineering of Armenia and the French University in Armenia participated
in the conference. Among the more than 50 participants, there were specialists
from Armenia, Russia, Germany and France. The conference conveyed a great number
of suggestions for the future development of logistics in Armenia. The most
important results of the conference are intended to be made accessible to the
experts in an anthology. Further information can be obtained from the association
ARMENPAK, 11 St. Yeghbayrutyan, ap. 27, 0039 Yerevan. RA, Armenia.
Packaging and consumers protection
During the last few years, the significance of the utilisation of packaging
for the protection of consumers has been subject of studies by the packaging
department of the Cracow University of Economics. The results are compiled
in a book that has been published by the university under the title “Packaging
and Consumers Protection”. Their significance is underlined by the fact
that consumers are exposed to aggressive sales practices and advertisements
to an ever greater extent, which makes objective decisions difficult. Its authors
are Mrs Prof. Dr. habil. Malgorzata Lisińska-Kuśnierz, head of the
Cracow Chair of Goods Packaging as well as Mrs Dr. Ing. habil. Marzena Ucherek
from the same chair.
An additional result of the Cracow packaging department’s work is a book
titled “Research of Transport Packages” by Mrs Agnieszka Cholewa-Wojcik.
The work provides an overview of the state of knowledge, starting with the
terminology and the requirements on transport packaging. The books have been
printed in Polish and contain a summary in English.
Graduate engineer A. W. Kosak received diploma as academic of heraldry
The deputy chairman of the board of the European Packaging Institute e. V.,
graduate engineer Anatolij Wassilowitsch Kosak, has been awarded with a diploma
by the Ukrainian Chamber of Economy and Commerce as “academic of heraldry”.
The reason for the award was his works on beer and match labels. He has already
more than 1000 labels.
Internet lexicon on packaging
On a practical initiative, an internet lexicon on topics related to packaging
is currently being created. The suggestion for the project, which is modelled
on the example of Wikipedia, has been made by the company Nabenhauer Verpackungen.
This lexicon is designed for the purpose of creating an up-to-date source of
information which, in addition to the scientific improvements, also takes relevant
experience with the handling of packaging into account. The packaging experts
are requested to write and post additional articles. Interested persons shall
refer to the site www.verpackungslexikon.de
10% consume 70% of all packaging
The inhabitants of Western Europe, North America and Japan consume 70% of
all packaging currently produced in the world. Thus, 10% of the inhabitants
of the world use 70% of the produced packaging. This has been shown by latest
statistical investigations, according to which the packaging market currently
has a growth rate of 2 to 4% annually in the fast developing countries of Asia
and South America. In the last few years, Asia can notch up the largest increase
in the production of packaging materials. At present, already as much as 30%
of all packaging is produced in Asia - this is more than in Western Europe
or North America.
Unit load retension as a European standardization matter
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) has presented the draft of
the European standard EN 12195-1:2008 to the circle of experts. The standard
is the basis for a number of standards concerning cargo securing. The standard
is titled EN 12195-1:2008 Load restraint assemblies on road vehicles – Safety – Part
1: Calculation of securing forces. It is aimed at vehicles with an overall
weight of less than 3.5 tons. The standard refers to various securing methods
and takes the acceleration values for overland and sea transport into account.
Uniform assessment of services in the focus of standardization
Under the designation CHESSS, a European project within the framework of the
CEN mandate M/371 “Standardization in the field of services” is
currently being processed. In doing so, CHESSS stands for “CEN Horizontal
European Service Standardization Strategy”. The project is to clarify
to what extent cross-sector standardization of services is reasonable and feasible.
The activities carried out under the leading of the British Standards Institution,
BSI in cooperation with DIN (German Institute for Standardization) as well
as the standardisation organisations of Denmark, Estonia, the Netherlands and
Spain focus on 7 modules: Guidance for the preparation of service standards
(Module 1), Glossary of terms and definitions relevant to service standardization
(Module 2), Safety in the delivery of services (Module 3), Good practice in
the assessment of customer satisfaction (Module 4), Recommendations for complaints
and redress systems (Module 5), Billing and innovative metering practice (Module
6) and Specification, sourcing, delivery and quality of B2B services (Module
7). For more details, please refer to www.chesss.eu
New bar code for packages
A new bar code called GS1 Data Bar is currently being tested in German business
enterprises. The new code is 60% smaller than the currently used EAN code.
It thus allows for the labelling of small parts, such as e.g. single apples
and pears, and, in addition to the European Article Number (EAN), the indication
of the net weight, the price and the batch or serial number. This way, the
traceability can be facilitated by means of the GS1 Data Bar. Additional advantages
are achieved by the improved graphical design of the packages and the improvement
of various commercial processes, such as e.g. the check-out. First results
are expected as early as in 2008. The introduction of the new code can be expected
from January 2010.
New database for ecological assessments and eco-balancing
The EMPA Material Science & Technology has built up its database “ecoinvent” on
the basis of many years of experience in eco-balancing. The database, which
is unique especially with respect to its volume and transparency, has been
available since the end of 2007 and ensures substantially improved prerequisites
for ecological assessments and eco-balancing. The announcements of the ETH
department for material science and technology indicate that the users of “ecoinvent” have
4,000 data sets from the fields of energy, transport and waste disposal as
well as important economic sectors at their disposal. The new database is suitable
not only for eco-balances and ecological assessments but also for life-cycle
analyses, environmentally compatible product development and design as well
as for CO2 compensation. Lately, 1000 users from 40 countries have made use
of the previous database of the EMPA. Further information on the new database
can be obtained at www.ecoinvent.ch.
10 research projects to prevent product piracy
In the next three years, the German Federal Ministry of Research and Education
intends to fund 10 research projects for preventing and fighting product piracy.
For this purpose, the ministry has provided 15 million Euros. Industrial partners
would like to participate in the projects with an additional amount of 15 million
Euros. In addition to the relevant institutes, interested manufacturers of
products at risk as well as printing plants and printing machine manufacturers
will be collaborating on the projects. The inspections will be conducted in
view of the existing risks during the life cycle of products.
UN Environmental Authority on plastic pouches and carrier bags
The significance of a closed material cycle in the use of plastic packaging
materials is demonstrated in latest announcements of the UN Environmental Authority.
Accordingly, pouches and bags made of polyethylene and polypropylene require
much more time to be completely dissolved than previously assumed. The authority
estimates a required time of 400 to 1000 years and sees a danger for seabirds
and fish above all in the waste, particularly because at present already as
many as 146,000 plastic parts per one square kilometre are located at the bottom
of the oceans. Currently, a worldwide annual production of 500 billion pouches
and carrier bags is assumed.
Systematic development of the sustainability assessment of products and packages
The authors of the science review “Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau” the
organ of the Society of German Natural Scientists and Physicians, speak up
for a systematic development of the sustainability assessment. In an issue,
in which the 125th meeting of the society was announced, the eco-balancing
is described as “a component of sustainability assessment”. According
to the environmental summit in Rio de Janeiro, besides the effects of the products
and processes, which are the basis of eco-balances, the economic and social
effects are also to be considered as the pillars of sustainability.
The examinations by BASF already constitute a first step towards the integration
of economic aspects into the sustainability assessment, especially the eco-efficiency
analysis and the socio-eco-efficiency analysis also known as SEEbalance.
The eco-efficiency analysis takes advantage of essential elements of eco-balancing,
such as the functional unit underlying to the balancing, which is a measure
for the benefit of a pro-duct. In case of packaging for beverages, 1000 litres
of the beverage are the functional unit. Besides the environmental impacts,
all incurring expenses of an overall life-cycle are taken into account for
the eco-efficiency analysis. The objectives of sustainability are to be converted
into social development goals, also over a complete life-cycle. In this respect,
criteria are, among others, the human health, the living conditions, nutrition,
education, research, working and living conditions as well as fair trade with
developing countries. The experience during working on the socio-eco-efficiency
analysis or SEEbalance shows that there still are aspects for which there are
no practicable assessment criteria in place.
VDI guidelines for source tagging
The Association of German Engineers (VDI) has issued four guidelines on electronic
article surveillance; they are supposed to contribute to the reduction of inventory
shortage. The guidelines take electromagnetic, acustomagnetic and radio frequency
methods into account. The guidelines are titled “Sector implementation
of source tagging” and have the VDI-number 4475. The VDI guideline VDI
4475, Sheet 1 contains the fundamentals of the application, including the individual
stages of source tagging such as protection against manipulation, hiding of
product information, positioning of securing elements and securing of metal-containing
products and packages.
The volume edited by Dr. Otto G. Piringer from the Fabes ForschungsGmbH in
Munich and Dr. Albert L Baner from the Nestle Purina Petcare PTC in St. Louis
under the title “Interactions with Food and Pharmaceuticals”, published
by the WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA in Weinheim, gives an idea of the
possibilities of anticipating the interactions between plastics and contact
media. 19 authors collaborated on the work, among them 7 from Germany, 5 from
the USA as well as two from Romania and the Czech Republic each.